Sudden Cardiac Arrest and CPR

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Performing Adult CPR: Steps and Techniques

Administering CPR is crucial for saving lives in emergency situations. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to perform adult CPR effectively.

Step 1: Assess Responsiveness and Contact Emergency Services

Check the patient for responsiveness by gently shaking their shoulders and asking if they are okay. If unresponsive, call emergency services immediately.

Step 2: Check for Breathing

Check the patient's breathing for up to 10 seconds. If they are not breathing, begin CPR immediately.

Step 3: Perform Chest Compressions

Perform 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute, pressing down 5 to 6 cm deep in the centre of the chest. Ensure compressions are equal in speed on the push and the release, maintaining regular intervals.

Step 4: Administer Rescue Breaths

After completing the 30 compressions, provide two rescue breaths. Minimize the time between compressions and breaths, taking only a 5-10 second break.

Performing Rescue Breaths

  1. Open the airway using the head-tilt-chin-lift technique.
  2. Pinch the soft part of the nose and seal your mouth around the victim's mouth.
  3. Blow gently for about one second or until you see the chest rise.

Step 5: Repeat the CPR Cycle

Continue alternating between 30 compressions and two rescue breaths until an AED or emergency services arrive. Remember, it is vital to keep oxygen-rich blood pumping around the body.